The number of homeowners who have cleared their mortgage has fallen in the last five years, raising concerns that Kiwis will still be paying them off during retirement.
New research from OneRoof shows that just a third of New Zealand homes are mortgage-free - despite a prolonged period of low interest rates.
High house prices are a factor, as buyers get into more debt than they can manage and diminish the chances of having a nest egg in their older years.
OneRoof and its data insights partner Valocity found the number of homes without a mortgage has slipped from 36 per cent in 2014 to 33 per cent.
Districts with the steepest declines in mortgage-free homes were:
• Selwyn, down 16 points from 43 per cent to 27 per cent;
• Queenstown, down 8 points from 48 per cent to 40 per cent; and
• Tauranga, down 8 points, from 40 per cent to 32 per cent.
Auckland's share of mortgage-free homes dropped from 33 per cent to 30 per cent.
OneRoof editor Owen Vaughan said: "In places like Auckland, Hamilton, Upper and Lower Hutt and Porirua, two thirds or more of homes still have mortgages on them, due to both higher median property values and higher proportions of both first home buyers and investors who are heavily mortgaged.
"That suggests there is potential for high mortgage stress, and that the New Zealand dream of retiring with your house mortgage free - like that of buying your first home in your 20s - is fading fast."
Household expenditure surveys show that the numbers of people aged 65-plus owning their own homes mortgage-free dropped from 83 per cent in the mid-1990s to 78 per cent in the mid-2000s and 72 per cent on average from 2015 to 2017.
In the latest survey, 13 per cent of over-65s were renting and another 13 per cent were still paying off a mortgage.
In the 55-64 age group only 38 per cent now own their homes freehold.
James Wilson, director of valuation innovation at Valocity, said one reason for the growing numbers still paying off mortgages in later life was a trend towards using the home as security to borrow to buy either other properties or goods.
"Increasingly, Kiwis see the growing equity in their homes as something that can be used to buy new cars or boats, update kitchens or bathrooms or to consolidate other debt," he says.
John Bolton, head of mortgage broker Squirrel, doesn't see that as a bad thing.
"It's not due to desperation - the family home has become a bit of an ATM in your late 50s or early 60s," he said.
"They're working past 65, but often not in the big crazy job, choosing more around a lifestyle, what's important to them. Where they've got equity, they're not slavishly getting the debt down by retirement, they're not going to retire at 65 anyway."